Buildings, houses, historical monuments are some of the main concerns of the job of Architects. They are artists because they use imaginations and skills to draw magnificent objects which could be realized in real life. Architects in Nagpur have been involved in many projects, small as well as big projects; they always work hard and put the same efforts to provide the highest degree of satisfaction to all their clients.Best Architects Near Me in Nagpur
When it comes to designing, location, building technology and materials Top Ratings Architects are meticulous. Satisfying the primary needs as well as filling the desires of the customers are what make the activity special. Architects in Nagpur are experienced and creativeness is the basis of their work, working with them on all kinds of projects will let you experiment their remarkable skills. Compare Architects on the business listings website nearmetrade.com.Find Architects in Nagpur
To find the Best Architects in Nagpur can be difficult, below are listed many Architects in Nagpur you can contact them and also ask Architects Prices to make sure your budget matches. Charges are reasonable and the clients are always surprised and happy to see the final results.
C/o Geetika sales, Gandhibagh, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440002
This is a interior design and architectural firm. We work for for cost effective and space saving projects . We are certified for NMC NIT and COA . For environment friendly , eco houses and farm houses , one can contact us.
25, Dehabhonoo Complex, Nashik Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 422101
Ar. Niteen Kokane , started practice in March 1998 , eventually in 1992 he named his firm as Niki Associates. The ethical values and skills are the foundation of our practice. We are a full service architectural design firm with demonstrated experience and breadth of skill in large scale project...
1st Floor, B-Wing, Mangalwari Complex, Sadar, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440001
Studio of Design Edge Architects – DEA is a team of exceptional professionals who believe in challenging the status quo of design. Driven by passion to create new landmarks in the city, team DEA is also committed to social responsibility of healthy living-working, least impact on natural re...
Kotwal Nagar, Pratap Nagar, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440020
All Types Interior Designing Works Done
Shop No. 8 Opposite Shivaji Sabhagruha Dattatreya Nagar, Vitthal Rukmani Apartment, Old Subhedar Layout, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440024
This well-known establishment acts as a one-stop destination servicing customers both local and from other parts of Nagpur. Over the course of its journey, this business has established a firm foothold in it’s industry. The belief that customer satisfaction is as important as their products...
Flat No 3 Plot No 65 1st Floor Khandwani Arcade, Ca Road, Ambedkar Square Opposite Nagpur Nagarik Sahakari Bank, Wardhaman Nagar, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440008
Plot No A-17 Sant Mohanbaba Appartment, Gurudev Nagar, Opp Kid-zee School, Raje Raghuji Nagar, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440009
Anand Nagar, Azamshah Layout, Sangam Talkies Road, Sakkardara, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440024
Vishnu Laxmi Tower, Wardha Road, Rajiv Nagar Sq, Somalwada, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440015
D-Group Building, Plot No.153, Ring Road, Near Shatabdi Square , Shatabdi Chowk, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440027
87 Santra Market, Near Sai Apartment, Bajeria, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440018
Sharda Nagar, Hudkeshwar Police Station Road, Vithoba Lawn , Chhatrapati Nagar, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440024
Plot No. 15, 16 Shaktimata Nagar, Hasanbaug Kharbi Road, Near Kharbi Square, Kharbi, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, 440024
Chandan Nagar, Chandan Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411014
The best interior designer in Pune has been helping our valued clients realize their ambitions for over a decade. We have a fantastic selection of beautiful apartments, villas, row houses, commercial establishments, and showrooms.
105, J.K. PLAZA, MTNL ROAD, PANVEL, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, 410206
Kshitij Kadu Architects has been named as the best Architect and Interior designer in Navi Mumabi for Residential and Commercial design. Kshitij Kadu Architects is involved in conceptualizing, designing and realizing a diverse array of residential, cultural and commercial projects. Our studio has...
PLOT NO: 42, NEAR KATKAT GATE, AURANGABAD TIMES COLONY, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India, 431001
Dia Architects is the celebrated India-based interior | exterior | landscape | planning | visualization design firm that prides itself for its distinctly modern-eclectic portfolio and unwavering commitment to quality. Each interior design project is as unique as each client. Our luxury resid...
marchant banglow, opp. racca service centre, Racca colony, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422006
IDEA STUDIO Establishedin 2004 , IDEA has since produced hundreds of projects spanning from architectural visualization work . 3D rendering work I D E A S T UD I O provide different kind of projects , like Interior & Exterior rendering , 3d Walkthroughs , 3d Animation . Our expert team of eng...
2nd Floor, Nakshatra A wing, Almeida Road, Above Saraswat Bank Near TMC, Panchpakhadi, Thane, Maharashtra, India, 400602
The firm was established in 1991 with a view to provide quality architectural services under one roof, such as planning, designing, detailing and liaison services. Ar. Sandeep Prabhu and Ar. Makarand Parange are the Principal architects and founding partners of this fir...
S. No. 33/23, Shiv Shambhu Nagar, Lane 1, Near Indian Oil Petrol Pump, Katraj Kondhwa Road, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411046
To deliver services and solutions where innovativeness, diligence, quality, time frame and budget are important constraint. We wish to become the most valued company to our Customers, our Colleagues and our Business Partners. We endeavour to be known for our Reliability, Flexibility, Responsivene...
31 green acre, union park road no. 5, khar west, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, 400052
Abraham John ARCHITECTS is a multidisciplinary architecture, interior design, landscaping and urban planning firm founded in 1967. Abraham John & Alan Abraham are the Joint Principal Architects of Abraham John Architects. The firm works at multiple scales and with various organizati...
102, 1st Floor, Ashok Plaza, Near Chopda court, Opp. Lavkush Tower, Gol Maiden Road, Sidhi Vinayak Nagar, Ulhasnagar, Maharashtra, India, 421002
Over two decades of successful and satisfying experience in the field of Architecture and Interior designing. Some of the leading names he has worked with are Regency group, Paradise Group, and Arihant group to name a few.
H.No 237, 2nd Floor, Gala No 03, Beside Tip Top Farsan, Kalyan Naka, Bhiwandi, Maharashtra, India, 421302
Er. Irfan M Ansari, is the Civil Engineer (AMIE) and director of our Design firm in Bhiwandi under the name of aim Design. We have very energetic and Skill team having experience more than 15 years. We are mainly involve designing of Residential Building, Commercial Building, Institutional Build...
1, Dhake Colony, 7, Ramkrushna Complex, Khwajamiya Road, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India, 425001
Our work ranges from planning to detailed design to construction. Most of our projects are done through construction documents and field supervision. We cover the entire Nine Yard right from :
Selection of Site Understanding the need Preparing design solution ;drawings Prepari...
Shop No. 49, 2nd Floor Sanman Prestige, Station Road, Nanded, Maharashtra, India, 431602
4th axis is a multidisciplinary design studio based in nanded. That aims at innovative design solution in architecture,interior,facade and planning.We strongly believe that functionality, originality, ultra-efficiency and Response to environment are metaphors of all sensitive designs. A collectiv...
Near Gagan Vihar, VIshal Nagar, Latur, Maharashtra, India, 413531
Nawander Group is one of the most prestigious real estate developers based in Latur. Nawander Group has the vision of creating a new experience with self-sufficient and enduring townships. Every activity, be it in Real-Estate, Construction, Architecture, or Building materials has steadily focused...
F-2, Lake View Appartment, Ramanmala, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India, 416012
DESIGNEX is a Kolhapur-based firm established in 2010 by partners Anand Kulkarni & Ashish Kulkarni. The firm provides design solutions in Architecture and Interior design. The firm deals in the areas of Residential (Individual and Multiple), Commercial, Institutional, Hospitality, Health, Spo...
14,15 Opp. TTR Honda, Dhanwantri Complex, Amravati, Maharashtra, India, 444606
Venkatesh Rathi is an Architect as well as Interior Designer based in Mumbai , India. After working for few year with acclaimed architects in India and Prague (Europe) , he set up his own studio called "VGR" Architects in 2015.
With a real eye for design and his st...
Friends Plaza, 2nd Floor, Ratanlal Plot, Beside Dr Agrawal Hospital, Akola, Maharashtra, India, 444001
Having a vast professional experience & team of expertise at “CHIRANIYA CONSULTANCY”, we have the project’s in different categories including Residential, Commercial Public, Industrial & Institutional Architecture, Interiors, Landscaping, Valuation, Renovation, Billing &...
1st Floor, Lodha Heights, Neta Subhash Chowk, Chitale Road, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India, 414001
We have Constructed Majority Complexes Commercial as well as residential and individual bungalows
In 5 years till we have constructed over 2,00,000 sq. fts. Of B/up area starting from 500sq.ft.
In developing countries, construction activities play a very important role and con...
Flat No. 4,Dattaprasad Building, 1206, B/7, Off, Jangali Maharaj Rd, Shivajinagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411004
Lane Number 29, Parsi Colony, Block A, Lullanagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411040
Ground Floor, Bhagya Building, Apte Road, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411004
1132/3, Vishnu Darshan, Fergusson College Rd, Shivajinagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411016
Manikanchan, Shirole Road, Shivaji Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411004
03, First Floor, D-2, Liberty-II Opp. Pizza Hut, N Main Rd, Koregaon Park, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411001
Flat No. 3, Belmont Park Society, ICS Colony, Ashok Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411007
15A, Ganga Lahari Housing Society, Samarth Rd, Ganesh Nagar, Karve Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411052
13, Praniti Apartments, Baner Road, Aundh, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411007
Flat No. 6, 3rd Floor, Renaissance Apartments, Shahaji Raje 411028,, Bhosale Nagar, Hadapsar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411028
1 Surya Park, Marutrao, ITI Rd, Marutirao Gaikwad Nagar, Aundh, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411007
Bungalow No.4, Liberty House, 323, N Main Rd, Liberty Phase 2, Ragvilas Society, Koregaon Park, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411001
Metro House, 312-315, Mangaldas Rd, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411001
Elegance, 203 Square, Prabhat Nagar Rd, behind Amrita Veg Restaurant, Baner, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411045
Teerth Techno Space, Unit B-505, 5th Floor,, Pune Banglore Highway Pashan Exit, Baner, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411045
1, 1st Floor, Prospect Chambers, Near GPO, Trambakeshwar Rd,, Shalimar, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422001
dwait Colony, Ramdas Colony, Nashik, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422005
13, Swastik, 7th Street, Serene Meadows, Gangapur, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422013
Opp. Kusumagraj Pratisthan, Vidya Vikas Circle,, Gangapur Rd,, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422013
Shop No.13,14&15 Closed: 1st & 3rd Saturday of every Month, Gurukrupa, Sharanpur Link Rd, Canada Corner,, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422002
7 Ashirwad Apartment, Above Prashant Medical,, Canada Corner,, Sharanpur Road, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422002
Environ Planners , 29/30, Purnawad Nagar, Off Gangapur Road, Akashwani Behind Prasad Mangal Karyalay,, Pratiksha Society, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422013
46 B, Shivaprasad, Old,, Pandit Colony, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422002
114, Govardhan, Opp. JIT college, , Gangapur Road,, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422222
6, Ground Floor, Anand Kunj Apartment, Gangapur Road, Old Gangapur Naka, Near Vaishali Apartment, Old Gangapur Naka,, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422005
Ram Plaza,Navshakti Chowk,, Bhabha Nagar, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422011
Dr Vijan Hospital Marg, Vise Mala, Patil Colony, Canada Corner, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422005
A3,AARYA HEIGHTS, NEAR DHOLYA GANPATI temple,, Ashok Stambh, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422013
R.h 2 garaj complex, happy home colony,, Near tulsi eye hospital,, Dwarka, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 422011
77/A Kasturba Society, Alandi Road, Opposite Big Bazar , Vishrantwadi, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411015
Plot No 21 Monika Apartment Shah Colony, Opposite Samarth Vidyalaya Near Talegaon Station, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 410507
Mega Center, First Floor, B 217, Pune Solapur Road, Hadapsar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411028
B-604, 6th Floor, East Court Phoenix Market City, Phoenix Market City Mall, Viman Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411014
Shop No 06 Kamalbaug, Pune Nagar Road, Near Hotel Shangrilla Opposite Crystal Honda Showroom , Wagholi, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 412207
Office No 202 Balewadi Plaza, Near Mitcon Management Institute, Baner, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411045
Shop No. 29, Laxmitara Market, Near Dange Chowk, Thergaon, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411033
Sr No. 42, Nagar Road, Near Wagheshwar Mandir, Wagholi, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 412207
Level 7 Pentagon Tower P-1, Magarpatta City, Hadapsar, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411028
Survey No 156/7/9, First Floor, Devaki and Dore Complex, Main Road, Opposite Ganesh Temple Ganesh Nagar, Bopkhel, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 411031
16 Green Palm Plot No. 18/19, Sector 15, Near NMMc Bus Depot, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, 400701
The Construction Store is an online hyper mart for the construction and home improvement industry. Set up in 2015 by industry professionals having more than 100 years of collective experience, the Vision of the company is to bring in new technologies, processes and products in the construction se...
TEJ Kiran Building, V S Khandekar Marg, Near Parle Biscuit Factory, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, 400057
(+91) 180010 4357,
Between bright yellows and not so subtle pastels; between radical and conservative; between geometric and floral somewhere between the 70s and 80s Royale Touche was born. It was the turn of decade. It was 1978 to be precise when 4 brothers Ashwin Patel, Arvind Patel, Dinesh Patel and Jitendra Pat...
m8, Ashiananagar, Patna, Bihar, India, 800025
Detailed project report for roads, bridges, flyovers, highways, foot over bridges, land survey, topographic survey, contour and drone survey, nhai highways, engineering procurment and construction.
#23, Ratnavilas Road, Basavanagudi, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, 560004
1A, Radha kutir, West anandpuri, Boring Road, Patna, Bihar, India, 800028
Welcome to the red leaf interior we are one of the best interior designer company in Patna knows how to blend modern interior designing following cultural, traditional as well as contemporary styles. In the list of architects and interior designers, red leaf interior have professional and certifi...
Matigara Thana Road, Matigara, Siliguri, West Bengal, India, 734010
We, Ray Of Reflection The Modular Kitchen & Furniture, situated at Matigara, Siliguri, West Bengal, operates in the fields of interior designing with a talented team of designers. We have successfully conceptualized and completed the interior designs of numerous residential, commercial projec...
PANSA DANTA ROAD, 5 KMS AWAY FROM AMBAJI, AMBAJI, Gujarat, India, 385110
WE ARE AN ESTABLISHED FIRM IN THE FIELD OF MANUFACTURING OF MARBLE AND SANDSTONE DESIGN WORK WHICH INCLUDES CLADDING, HOME TEMPLE, INTERIOR STRUCTURE, WALL STRUCTURE WORKS, AND MANY MORE AS PER THE REQUIREMENT OF THE CUSTOMER.
WE ARE ALSO INVOLVED IN BIG TEMPLE CONSTRUCTION AS PER...
A-5 near new hotel uday palace,, Vijay Nagar, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India, 452010
(+91) 90098 86289,
We are Samasthiti makers!
Vaastu Architects. Interior designers. Civil engineers. Developers. We are Ideators, Creators, problem solvers and Innovators. We put all of our energy into listening to what our client needs and provide a significantly optimized solution. W...
304,Aarambh Complex, Panchvati, C.G.Road,, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, 380009
RamKrishna Architects & Interior Designers is one of the best architects in Ahmedabad providing reliable and trusted consultancy services. We have a unique name among the top architectural firms in Ahmedabad. We have set a benchmark among the best industrial project consultants in Gujarat. We...
FS -31 ,FIRST FLOOR , CLC PLAZA, MANGLA CHOWK, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India, 495001
R. Creative Constructions(RCC), is an Architectural and Construction firm in which we provide Architectural, Structure, Interior Design & consultancy along with construction of Residential & Commercial spaces. We are providing our services since 2014.
R. Creative Constructions&...
#6, 1st floor, Subbiah Naidu street,, Vepery, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, 600007
Eldorado is a highly trusted name in Interior designing and having the prominent turnkey interior designer in chennai. Eldorado Designs was established a decade ago and consistently delivering artistic interior design studio services through comprehensive knowledge of interior designing.
1st Floor,Abhcon Atrium, Poothole Road, Thoppin Moola Aranattukara Thrissur Kerala, Thrissur, Kerala, India, 680004
Civic interiors are the most successful interior designers in Kerala for the last 23 years. We are up to date with changes in trends, technology, and styles in this industry. As one of the leading interior designers in Thrissur, we proved our expertise in Home interiors, commercial interior...
341, Pacifica Aurum, OMR, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, 603103
Decorrazo is one of the best interior designers and decorators in Chennai. We specialise in home interiors for villas, apartments, independent houses. Be it home furniture, modular kitchens and wardrobes or office furniture, we do it all. Decorrazo offers an extensive design service, creatin...
460, basunagar, number 1, Madhyamgram, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, 700129
S FOUR REALTY, the Kolkata based Real Estate Company, saw its genesis in 2014. Progressive and dynamic, it is one of the largest vertically integrated real estate services in kolkata. S FOUR REALTY firmly believes that this success story owes a lot to one simple consumer insight- the customer see...
Madhavaram milk colony, Madhavaram milk colony, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, 600051
We are the reputed construction contract company in Chennai, our benchmark is on-time delivery of the projects with affordable price, commitment & promises are our top priority and our strength is happy clients with us
5, MOONU VEEDU JUNCTION, NAGERCOIL, Tamil Nadu, India, 629175
MMR Architect, we create intelligent environments and enduring architecture through the effective fusion of powerful ideas and top-quality materials while staying true to the highest standards of design, process, technical execution and sustainability.
We understand that hig...
25/41, Vembuli Subedar St, Mela Ilandaikulam,, Alandur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, 600016
(+91) 44 2234 2848,
MTA was born from a passion to create exclusive and innovative spaces that enhance the quality and aesthetics in the lives of people. MTA was conceived in the year 2001 with branches in Chennai, Tirupur, Bengaluru and Hyderabad. We house a team of experts, who are equipped with the skills and tec...
21/3 emporium block, in front of Shaheed Smarak Park, Sanjay Place, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, 282002
Every person has a fantasy to own a house for their family; however, don't contemplate the interior designs to be too significant. Some individuals need to finish and make their home beautiful, and this is conceivable just with the assistance of interior designers in Agra . For free desi...
IBM, Gachibowli, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, 500032
Walls Asia the best architecture & interior designing company in Hyderabad provides design and quality management services for construction projects at low cost.
50-11-24, balayya shastri layout, T.P.T colony, Seethammadhara, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India, 530013
DesignAline is a vishakapatnam based designing company which deals with architecture and interior services which includes building planning and all aspects of interior design.
491, Ashoke Rd, Raipur, Garia, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, 700084
Inhouse Expression offers premium interior design service in Kolkata region. With over 120+ successful projects, Inhouse Expressions has become one of the leading interior designing company in Kolkata.
Near RDM Public School, Dwaraka Vihar, Kalarahanga Road, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India, 751024
Deyan Infratech offers you hassle free full fledged Building Consultancy, Interior Designing, 2D Plan, 3D Elevation, Estimation, Structural Detailing, Construction & Supervision services. Deyan operates primarily in Economic, Sustainable & Innovation Consultancy across the country wi...
House No 1997, Sector 28, Panchkula, Haryana, India, 134108
Located in Panchkula,Satvik Consultancy Services is a full service design studio serving clients in Haryana ,Punjab ,New Delhi .Satvik Consultancy Services works collaboratively with clients ,communities and end users to creat buildings that work well on every stage.
3/26, Vishal Khand - 3, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, 226010
A+ Design Architect & Interior Designer is a leading Architecture and Interior Design company in Lucknow, India, which has developed in all aspects of architecture and interior design disciplines and received appreciations for all the completed projects. A+ Design was established in 2008 by A...
8-D, Kutchehry road, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India, 211001
Creative Design is multidisciplinary professional teams that deals with Architecture- Building Design, Landscape Design, Interior Design, Structural Design and other for the project from inception to complete. We have also done different kinds of projects like - Residential, Commercial, Education...
D-167-A, Jagraj Marg, Bapu Nagar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, 302015
M4A Designs, one of the best interior design firms in Jaipur led by their principals Atul & Minal Jain believes that the fulcrum of interior design will always be people and how they live. It is about the existence of what makes for an attractive, organized, meaningful env...
25/41, Vembuli Subedar St, Mela Ilandaikulam, Alandur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, 600016
(+91) 7305043346 ,
MTA was born from a passion to create exclusive and innovative spaces that enhance the quality and aesthetics in the lives of people.MTA was conceived in the year 2001 with branches in Chennai, Tirupur, Bengaluru, Hyderabad We house a team of experts, who are equipped with the skills and techniqu...
B-78, Sector 5, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India, 201301
My kind of interior is an award winning and a leading architecture and interior design company in Noida. It has a team of architects and interior designers Committed to providing high-quality projects and innovative design solutions.
8th floor, V zone building, Mavoor Road, Kozhikode, Kerala, India, 673016
Arif Associates, a leading and promising architectural & consultancy firm, based in Calicut was established by Arif Mohammed in the year 1995. Over the past 2 decades, we have been successfully providing innovative designs and superior quality execution according to our client's desire.&n...
Chaolung Sukaphaa Path, Hatigaon Chariali, Sijubari, Hatigaon, Guwahati, Assam, India, 781038
(+91) 98591 92234,
The MapleArch provides you the best architecture design in Guwahati& North-East, India and house building permission for any new structure and interior design.
J-140, 9-10 Dividing Rd, J Block, Sector 10, Housing Board Colony, Faridabad, Haryana, India, 121004
Krishna Construction India is one of the top architects, interior designers and construction company in Faridabad with great experience in the construction industries. KCI takes pride in the acknowledgement of construction organization. KCI is sufficiently competent to deal with the be...
505, Geeta Bhawan Square, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India, 452001
RAMCHANDANI ARCHITECTS, popularly known as R|A, began as a very modest interior design firm. Gradually with time and every project accomplished, R|A evolved from an exclusive interior design firm to a civil and architectural planning firm and attained the position as one of the respectable and ad...