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Topology is the geometric arrangement of a computer system. Each computer system in a topology is known as a node. Network topology is determined only by the configuration of connections between nodes.
Bus Topology: A bus topology is such that there is a single line to which all nodes are connected and the nodes connect only to this bus.
Mesh Topology: This type of network topology contains at least two nodes with two or more paths between them.
Ring Topology: In this network topology, every node has exactly two branches connected to it. The ring is broken and cannot work if one of the nodes on the ring fails.
Star Topology: In this network topology, the peripheral nodes are connected to a central node, which rebroadcasts all transmissions received from any peripheral node to all peripheral nodes on the network, including the originating node.
Tree Topology: This is a network topology in which nodes' are arranged as a tree. The function of the central node in this topology may be distributed.